The number of illegal immigrants living in the United States has declined to a level that was in 2004, and Mexicans no longer make up the majority of the population. This decrease is due primarily to the substantial reduction in the number of new illegal immigrants, especially Mexicans entering the country. This writes Pew Research.
Countries of origin of illegal immigrants have also changed over time, and the number from Mexico is decreasing, and the number is increasing from Central America and Asia, according to recent estimates by Pew Research Center.
Five interesting facts about illegal immigration in the United States:
1. In 2017 in the US, there were 10.5 million illegal immigrants, accounting for 3.2% of the total U.S. population. The total number of illegal immigrants in 2017 decreased by 14% compared with 12.2 million in 2007, when this group accounted for 4% of the US population.
2. The number of Mexican illegal immigrants has decreased since 2007, while the total number from other countries increased. According to the Center, Mexicans represented less than half of all illegal immigrants in the United States (47%) in 2017 for the first time, compared to 57% in 2007. The number (and percentage of total) in the last years decreased: in 2017, lived in the US 4.9 million Mexican illegals compared to 6.9 million in 2007.
Meanwhile, the total number of illegal immigrants from other countries, 5.5 million in 2017, has grown in comparison with 2007, when it was 5.3 million In 2007 was 1.5 million illegal immigrants from Central America and 1.9 million in 2017. This growth was driven primarily by immigrants from the Northern triangle, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. The number from Asia, 1.3 million in 2007, increased to 1.5 million in 2017.
At the same time, the number of illegal immigrants from South America and Europe declined in the period from 2007 to 2017. The number of immigrants from other major regions (the Caribbean, middle East, North Africa, Africa South of the Sahara and the rest of the world) have not changed significantly.
3. Labour force in the USA is 7,6 million illegal immigrants, which represents a decrease since 2007. In the period from 2007 to 2017 the number of illegal immigrant workers declined by 625 000. In 2017, this group accounted for 4.6% of the those in the United States worked or was unemployed and looking for work.
4. Six States accounted for 57% of illegal immigrants: California, Texas, Florida, new York, new Jersey and Illinois. From 2007 to 2017 in some States had different trends. The number of illegal immigrants declined in ten States: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Michigan, Nevada, new Jersey, new Mexico, new York and Oregon. In five States the number of illegal immigrants increased over the same period: Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, North Dakota and South Dakota
5. The growing share of illegal immigrants residing in the United States for over ten years. About two thirds (66%) adult immigrants in 2017 were in the US for more than 10 years, compared with 41% in 2007. Decreasing the proportion of illegal immigrants lived in the U.S. for five years or less — 20% of the adult population in 2017, compared to 30% in 2007. In 2017 adult illegal immigrants lived in the U.S. average of 15.1 years.
According to published reports, more than 2.5 million immigrants in the country illegally live in the Metropolitan areas of new York, Los Angeles and Chicago, says NYDailyNews.
A study conducted by the nonpartisan Pew research center, gives an idea of where illegal immigrants live in the country and the regions that may be most affected by the suppression of illegal immigration.
Any action of the administration of U.S. President Donald trump may also be widely circulated among immigrant communities in regions such as Phoenix, Houston, Dallas and Denver. In these areas, 37% of immigrants do not have legal status, compared to 26% across the country.
In Santa Ana (CA), acting city Manager Gerardo moët said that concerns about the administration’s plans trump goes far beyond statistics, especially in Mexican immigrant communities, where extended families often stick together and often consists of relatives who are legally in the country.
In Phoenix, immigrants are already beginning to see more stringent enforcement. A female illegal immigrant, which was not subject to deportation under the Obama administration, was taken into custody and sent back to Mexico that sparked protests in the local immigration and customs control.
In some areas the majority of immigrants lacks in legal documents than in others, according to a report by the centre in Washington, based on data from the census Bureau 2014.
For example, about 17% of immigrants in San Francisco have no legal status compared to 35% in the region of Las Vegas.
The city and County of the United States is immersed in a fierce debate over what role they should play in immigration enforcement, since trump appealed for help to local law enforcement agencies to speed up the deportation and threatened to stop funding of the so-called jurisdictions, shelters that refuse to help.
Many large cities, including new York, Los Angeles and Chicago, have pledged to resist and not to cooperate with requests for assistance from Federal agents for deportation.
It can be a challenge to the efforts of the new administration’s increase of deportations, said Louis Desipio, Professor of political science at the University of California, Irvine.
However, other jurisdictions have expressed interest in providing assistance to the Federal officers for deportation and reduced efforts to secure asylum.
The report States that about 61% of immigrants in the country illegally live in 20 Metropolitan areas. In the Pew report were considered major Metropolitan areas.