An elderly and unloved king, a challenge for the British monarchy

An elderly and unloved king, a challenge to the British monarchy

UPDATE DAY

Never has a British sovereign waited so long. The accession to the throne of Charles III, aged and unloved, opens a delicate period for a monarchy which had been able under its mother to resist the crises. 

In 1953, Elizabeth II had was crowned at just 25 years old, in an atmosphere of national enthusiasm in a country still recovering from the trauma of the Second World War. She remained a very popular and respected figure throughout her life.

The reception reserved for his eldest son promises to be very different. At 73, it is an “old man” who ascends the throne, notes Robert Hazell, professor of constitutional law at University College London.

“It will be very difficult for him to take the suite of the queen”, he explains to AFP. “The monarchy will probably go through difficult times.”

Born in 1948, Charles married Diana Spencer in 1981, with whom he had two children, William and Harry, before their marriage fell apart and public revelations about their respective infidelities led to their divorce.

After the tragic death of Diana in 1997 in a car accident in Paris, chased by paparazzi, Charles in 2005 married his former mistress Camilla Parker Bowles.

The new king has long stood out for his controversial, and sometimes ridiculous, remarks on subjects such as agriculture or modern architecture (which he dislikes). Even if his environmental concerns are now widely shared, he will have to comply with foolproof neutrality, each word of the sovereign being scrutinized and commented on.

In 2018, he assured the BBC that he was aware that 'he should refrain from taking any position: “I'm not that stupid”.

Such neutrality promises to be “very difficult” to maintain, especially in the face of Scotland's desire for independence, while wanting to safeguard the monarchy, notes Mr. Hazell, who however underlines “the very strong sense of public service and public duty” of Charles.

Charles approaches his reign much less beloved than his mother. According to a poll by the YouGov institute in 2021, just over a third of respondents thought he would make a good king, while more than 70% had a favorable opinion of the queen.

Enough to revive the hopes of supporters of the abolition of the monarchy in favor of a republic, an idea supported by only 15% of Britons in recent years.

Charles “is not protected by the same almost impenetrable aura as the Queen”, according to Graham Smith, the director of the Republic movement.

To maintain the institution, Robert Hazell considers it “conceivable” that Charles abdicates in favor of her son William, born in 1982 and very popular, an option still rejected by Elizabeth II.

But for Graham Smith, “he is not going to give up”.

Faced with growing criticism of the lifestyle of the royal family, scholars of the monarchy lend Charles the desire to reduce the number of its active members, living at the expense of the crown and devoting themselves to public engagements. There are currently around ten of them.

The trend has already been boosted with the withdrawal of Prince Andrew, brother of Charles, implicated for his friendship with the late American financier Jeffrey Epstein, accused of drug trafficking. minors, then the departure for California of his son Harry.

For Robert Hazell, more than financial, the interest of continuing on this path is above all to limit the risks that a member of the royal family will “slips”.

It will be up to Charles to distribute the titles, choosing for example if he transmits to his son that of “Prince of Wales” which he has worn since 1958.

The royal family has indicated that Camilla should be given the title 'princess consort' rather than 'queen' so as not to offend the public. But from a legal point of view, Mr. Hazell notes, she became queen “automatically”.