Chinese coronavirus, or COVID-19, has infected dozens of Americans and thousands of others around the world. This writes ABC News.
While scientists are working on containing the outbreak and come up with effective treatments, experts in the field of health explain how Americans prepare for and protect themselves from infection.
1. What are the symptoms of coronavirus?
Chinese coronavirus can cause symptoms from mild to severe, including coughing, fever and shortness of breath. Because the symptoms are similar to manifestations of pneumonia, colds and flu, only a diagnostic test can confirm the presence of human coronavirus.
2. How is it transmitted?
It is believed that the first cases COVID-19 were associated with animals market in China, but since the virus spreads from person to person.
Transmission from person to person most often occurs during close contact, at a distance of 6 ft (1.8 m). When people infected with the novel coronavirus, sneezes or coughs, the droplets can fall on people nearby, or they can breathe.
Although it is theoretically possible that the virus can be transmitted by touching objects or surfaces that are experts in the field of health does not currently believe that this is what he sent.
3. I live in the United States. What I need to do?
The centers for control and prevention (CDC) have warned that Americans should prepare for the spread of the virus in the near future, which could lead to significant changes in the everyday lives of citizens.
The CDC advises to make a plan for every person and family, schools, and businesses to develop systems for distance learning and work-if you want to limit the communication face to face.
Dr. William Shaffner, Director of the National Foundation for infectious diseases, proposed to outline a plan for how your family can cope with the closure of schools and businesses. Does someone from relatives prescription medication? Now is the time to accumulate reserves at least two weeks.
CDC recommends Americans to observe proper hygiene, the same as in the flu season — wash your hands often as possible to spend more time at home, but if you are sick and you cough or sneeze, we have to do it not in the palm, and elbow.
4. Do I need to wear a mask?
The CDC recommends that anyone with healthy people wear a mask, and doctors warn that frequent putting on and removing the mask can backfire, as you touch hands to face.
“Surgical masks are not very firmly attached to the person and do not have sufficient thickness to prevent the infection,” said Shaffner.
The protection they provide is more psychological than scientific. Masks N-95, which are used in hospitals, roads and they are not easy to wear, which means they are not a practical option for everyday use.
“What can make a mask is to give you a false sense of security, and it is useless,” said Dr. Michael Merson, Professor school of global public health at new York University and Professor at Duke University.
Masks can prevent the spread of bacteria and infecting other people, but “the people who get sick should still stay home.”
5. Do I need to be tested for the virus?
If you have symptoms such as cough or fever, but no history of travel to the area of the outbreak, you can go to a clinic and do a quick test to rule out the more common viruses such as the flu.
If you went abroad to a country where they found the coronavirus, or were in close contact with someone who was exposed to the virus, and you have the symptoms, your doctor may contact the local health Department to determine whether you should get tested for COVID-19.
6. Do I need to cancel the upcoming trip to Europe or Asia?
The U.S. state Department provides travel advice to various countries that include updated recommendations on what countries have reported cases COVID-19 and how widespread cases. The situation is fluid and rapidly evolving, therefore, you should frequently check this information.
In addition to the question of whether there had been any in the country in question a significant influx of cases COVID-19, consider the situation on the ground. Was limited to travel within the country? If it is a business trip, do not complicate the situation on the ground your productivity?
The answer may be different for different people. Shaffner, for example, noted that Italy is a big country, and it will feel comfortable traveling to Rome as the epicentre of the outbreak COVID-19 in Italy is concentrated in the Northern part of the country.
7. Does the quarantine?
“Yes, and better than we expected,” said Shaffner.
According to Shaffner, after China imposed strict measures to quarantine and containment in hard-hit Hubei province, new cases COVID-19 reduced.
Too early to talk about the effect of this quarantine, which in fact is an unprecedented experiment in public health. And imposing a strict quarantine on the entire community it is impossible to reproduce outside of China.
8. Turn a flash in the pandemic?
The world health organization defines a pandemic as “the spread of new diseases around the world,” and we certainly are on the threshold of this reality.
A greater number of cases of transmission in more countries increases the likelihood of a pandemic and the spread of infection in the United States.
“Be careful and be prepared to social restrictions,” said Shaffner. For example, if the health authorities do not advise to hold mass events, agree.
“This should not throw you into a panic, said Shaffner. But that should get your attention.”
9. How the coronavirus is more serious flu?
Stay up to date with updates and recommendations to CDC and state and local health departments. Take the time to sit down and plan what you will do if the local transmission of the virus happens in your city.
COVID-19, appears to be more deadly than the flu, while the death rate from COVID-19 is about 2%, and the mortality rate from flu is less than 1%. However, compared to the previous coronaviruses, such as SARS and MERS, the majority of the cases COVID-19 are easy.
Unfortunately, this fact also may explain why COVID-19 spreads faster than other fatal diseases. For example, HIV “were very deadly, but difficult to convey.”
10. Is there a vaccine or treatment for COVID-19?
No. In China and other countries are tested, but because the virus is new, there is no approved treatment for COVID-19, and the vaccine is likely to be created not earlier than in a year.
The latest news and everything you need to know about the outbreak of a novel coronavirus from China, read the special ForumDaily “Chinese coronavirus”.