Burkina Faso: events since the January coup

Burkina Faso: events since the January coup

BET À DAY

Recall of events since the January 2022 military coup in Burkina Faso, the scene on Friday of a second putsch in eight months. 

Incidents in demonstrations and mutinies

On January 22, 2022, incidents broke out in several cities including Ouagadougou. The demonstrators are protesting against the powerlessness of the authorities in the face of the jihadist violence that has ravaged the country since 2015.

Sometimes mixed with inter-community clashes, this violence has left thousands dead and around 2 million displaced.

On the 23rd, mutineers demanded the “replacement” of the army chiefs, “appropriate means” against the jihadists and “better care for the wounded”. 

The government denies the rumors “of a takeover by the army” then decreed a curfew.

Military coup

On January 24, soldiers announce that they have seized power and ousted President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré.

Lieutenant-Colonel Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba, the country's new strongman, announces the closing of the borders, the dissolution of the government and the suspension of the Constitution. He promises “a timetable for a return to constitutional order” within a “reasonable time”. 

International condemnations

On the 25th, France, the UN and the Community of West African States (ECOWAS) condemn the putsch.

The next day, a relative of Mr. Kaboré claims that he is under house arrest. 

< p>On the 28th, ECOWAS suspended Burkina, followed by the African Union (AU) on the 31st.

The same day, the junta restored the Constitution, but modified the institutions “pending the establishment of the transitional bodies”, without a timetable for a return to constitutional order.

At the beginning of February, the junta met the leaders of the main political parties, many of whom say they are ready to support the transition. The curfew was lifted. 

International pressure

On the 3rd, ECOWAS demanded a rapid timetable for the return to constitutional order.&nbsp ;

A commission was announced on the 6th to draw up a draft charter and transition agenda.

On the 9th, the new army chief of staff promised “new breath in the fight against terrorism”. 

The UN Security Council expresses “serious concern at the unconstitutional change of government in Burkina Faso”, not to mention a coup d'etat.

< p>Damiba president

On the 10th, Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba was declared “president” by the Constitutional Council, then invested on the 16th.

On March 1, the transition was set at three years by national meetings.

New jihadist attacks

From mid-March, renewed deadly attacks by suspected jihadists, killing hundreds. 

< p>On a visit to Ouagadougou on June 19, the West African mediator, former Nigerien President Mahamadou Issoufou, estimates that nearly half of the territory is beyond state control.

On the 21st, Colonel Damiba receives former President Kaboré to “defuse the situation”.

Two years of transition

On July 3, West African leaders agree with the junta for a two-year transition.

On the 7th, former President Blaise Compaoré returned to Burkina for the first time since his overthrow in 2014 by a popular insurrection, a return of two days “for reconciliation” at the invitation of President Damiba.

On August 11, former President Kaboré was authorized to leave his country for “medical reasons”. 

On the 19th, the AU called on the international community to support the transition.< /p>

Bloody September, reshuffle

In early September, President Damiba hailed a “relative calm” in several localities. 

But deadly attacks continue in the north, where towns are now under jihadist blockade.

On the 5th, a supply convoy jumps on a homemade bomb: 35 civilians are killed, including many children.

A week later, Damiba dismisses his Minister of Defense and replaces him himself.< /p>

On September 27, another attack against a supply convoy, escorted by the army, in the north: officially at least eleven soldiers were killed, 28 people injured and around fifty civilians missing. 

New coup

On the evening of September 30, after a day of shooting in the presidential district, about fifteen soldiers announced that Colonel Damiba is removed from office in favor of Captain Ibrahim Traoré.

The putschists announce the closing of the borders, the suspension of the Constitution, the dissolution of the government and of the Transitional Assembly. A curfew is established. 

ECOWAS condemns the “seizure of power by force”, Brussels and Washington express their concern.