Climate commitments “very far” from meeting the 1.5°C target, warns the UN

Climate commitments

MISE À DAY

The latest international climate commitments are “very far” from meeting the Paris Agreement objective of limiting global warming to 1.5°C, the agency warned on Wednesday. the UN for the climate. 

“We are very far from the level and the speed of emission reductions necessary to put us on the path to a world of 1.5°C”, warned Simon Stiell, head of the UN Climate, at the occasion of the publication of a summary of the latest commitments of the signatory countries of the Paris agreement and less than two weeks before the opening of the world climate conference COP27.

On the contrary, the sum of the commitments of the 193 parties to the agreement, “could put the world on the path to a warming of 2.5°C by the end of the century”, underlines the UN agency.

The Paris Agreement of 2015 sets the goal of containing global warming “well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels”, when humanity began to exploit large-scale fossil fuels responsible for greenhouse gas emissions, and if possible at 1.5°C.

At the last COP26 in 2021 in Glasgow, the signatories of the agreement had committed to review annually – instead of every five years – their commitments to combat emissions, called “nationally determined contribution”. (NDC).

But only 24 countries had submitted new or revised NDCs by the September 23 deadline, in time to be taken into account at COP27, which will take place from November 6 to 18 in Sharm el-Sheikh in Egypt. A “disappointing” figure, Mr Stiell said in a statement accompanying the release of the new data.

“To keep this (1.5°C) target alive governments need to step up their plans now and implement them within the next eight years”, insists the UN official.

According to UN experts, global emissions must fall by 45% by 2030, compared to 2010 levels , to meet this objective.

But according to the latest summary of the NDCs, the current commitments would on the contrary lead to a 10.6% increase in emissions over this period.