The Communist Party of China (CCP) concluded its congress in Beijing on Saturday, which is expected to crown President Xi Jinping to a third term and chart China's political future for the next five years.< /strong>
“Dare to fight for victory,” said Xi Jinping triumphantly after the closing ceremony at the People's Palace, a huge Soviet-style building that dominates Tiananmen Square.
This congress, the 20th since the creation of the CCP in 1921, took place in a delicate context for China, faced with a slowdown in its growth due to repeated confinements and diplomatic tensions with the West.
For the past week, some 2,300 delegates chosen by the various Party authorities have been meeting behind closed doors in Beijing, with the mission of reshuffling the party's leadership team, and therefore of the world's second largest economy, and charting future directions. of the country.
The composition of the new Central Committee, a kind of “parliament” internal to the party, has been adopted, according to the New China agency, which however did not reveal the list of some 200 members.
Unusual scene in a highly choreographed ceremony, former President Hu Jintao was escorted out, AFP journalists noted.
Visibly against his will, the 79-year-old man, who presided over China from 2003 to 2013, was pressured by employees to rise from his seat, located next to Xi Jinping. The scene was not immediately explained or reported by state media.
On Sunday, Xi Jinping will probably be reappointed as general secretary of the CPC, after the first meeting of a revamped Central Committee, which has around 200 members.
Simple formality, the procedure should allow Xi Jinping to win an unprecedented third five-year presidential term next March. Eurasia Group firm.
To stay in power, the strong man of Beijing had thus removed from the Constitution in 2018 the limit of two terms. Xi Jinping, 69, can therefore in theory preside over the People's Republic for life.
New Prime Minister
Analysts and media speculate on Xi's will Jinping to change his job title to “party chairman”, the title held by regime founder Mao Tse-tung (1949-76).
A change could also be made to the PCC's charter. In 2017, it included a reference to “Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era”.
This reference was added the following year to the country's Constitution.
This congress should also lead to a broad recomposition of the standing committee of the Politburo.
The new composition of this all-powerful body of currently seven members — which holds the real power in China — will be revealed on Sunday.
According to unwritten traditions, some of the current members reach the age at which they are supposed to retire.
In accordance with custom, the members of the Standing Committee will be announced in order of importance, number one being the secretary general.
A priori number two or number three will be the next prime minister who will succeed Li Keqiang, next March.
Among the names mentioned to replace him: Wang Yang, considered one of the most liberal voices in the Party, or the current Vice-Premier Hu Chunhua.
Li Qiang, party leader in Shanghai , is also expected despite its chaotic management of the containment in the spring.
The new permanent committee will be composed of “a majority of loyal personalities to Xi Jinping,” subodores Nis Grünberg, of the Mercator Institute for Chinese Studies (Merics) in Berlin.
Many sinologists believe that no potential successor should emerge.
Since coming to power at the end of 2012, Xi Jinping has accumulated power at the top of the world's second power and presided over a strengthening of the regime's authority.
Party leader, army chief, head of state… the leader pleaded for the continuity of his policies during a triumphant speech at the opening of the congress.
The “zero COVID” strategy should thus continue despite its harmful consequences on the economy and the growing exasperation of the population with the confinements.
Far from the cautious diplomacy of his predecessors, Xi Jinping should make China's voice heard even more. Even if it means increasing tensions with the great American rival, in particular around the question of Taiwan.
Xi Jinping is above all “very concerned about the security of the regime”, underline analysts from the firm SinoInsider, specializing in Chinese politics. And to note that this term was mentioned 91 times in his speech last Sunday, more than any other topic.
Katrine Johns has been a reporter on the news desk since 2013. Before that she wrote about young adolescence and family dynamics for Styles and was the legal affairs correspondent for the Metro desk. Before joining The Gal Post, Katrine Johns worked as a staff writer at the Village Voice and a freelancer for Newsday, The Wall Street Journal, GQ and Mirabella. To get in touch, contact me through my firstname.lastname@example.org 1-800-268-7128